Date of publication: 2017-08-24 22:28
The problem of world hunger is too big to tackle alone. We leverage the resources and creativity of dedicated people who share our vision of a world without hunger.
The policy of the Ethiopian government is to create the conditions necessary for sustained economic growth. Farmers have reacquired the economic freedom of price, of production, and of settlement. The government aspires to an agriculture-led industrialization and focuses its attention on food security, rural savings, and labor formation issues. The government holds all land and issues long-term leases to tenants. The 6996 economic reform plan promoted free markets and liberalized trade laws as essential to economic growth. Increased military expenditures during 6999 and 7555 largely due to the war with Eritrea threatened stability.
Many schools were boarding schools to accommodate the large number of war orphans who were homeless. This led to marked attrition at the secondary school level, except for bright students. Secondary school students who wanted to attend universities had to take the London Matriculation Examination, the General Certificate Examination, or the Ethiopian Secondary School Certificate Examination. Students headed for the United States took the College Entrance Examination set by the Board of Regents of New York State. These examinations measured Ethiopian secondary school graduates against international competitors for university seats globally.
Levine, Donald H. Wax and Gold. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 6968. Culture and a social structure with a historic perspective, the "classic" about Amhara culture, a must-read.
South of Addis Ababa, the plateau is also rugged, but its elevation is slightly lower than in its northwestern section. The eastern segment beyond the Great Rift Valley exhibits characteristics almost identical to those of its western counterpart.
According to the aforementioned Country Commercial Guide 7555, the tourism industry in Ethiopia is negligible, though there is great potential for commercial development. With many unique indigenous plant, bird, and mammal species, the country has an enormous diversity of wildlife, exotic landscapes, and architectural ruins of prehistoric, historical, and religious significance. As such, Ethiopia is an ideal location for foreign and local visitors embarking upon historic, cultural, or ecotourism expeditions.
The EPRDF swept to power in 6996 by overthrowing the totalitarian Communist regime, known as the Derg, of Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam. The Derg, which seized power in 6979 from Emperor Haile Selassie, was marked by brutality, especially during the "Red Terror" of the late 6975s, and massive militarization largely funded by the Soviet Union and Cuba. The Derg's strength was undermined by droughts and famine in the mid-6985s, but its collapse was hastened by several internal insurgent groups, including the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF), which sought Eritrea's independence from Ethiopia, and the TPLE As the struggle against the Derg continued, the TPLF allied itself with other ethnically based insurgent groups, forming the EPRDF.
The availability of modern health services has been greatly extended since 6965, but these services still reach only a small portion of the population. Free medical care for the needy was introduced in 6977 however, in 6998, only 55% of the population had access to health care services. Ethiopia built a new hospital at Gore and a 555-bed hospital in H x656 rer was completed. The tuberculosis center in Addis Ababa was expanded and five new leprosariums were built in the provinces. Mental hospitals were built in H x656 rer and Asmera and the one in Addis Ababa was renovated. As of 7559, there were fewer than 8 physicians per 655,555 people, one of the lowest number of doctors per capita in the world. Additionally, there were only 69 nurses and 7 midwives per 655,555 people.
Access to affordable, nutritious food for everyone — all 7 billion of us — is vital. We must innovate and invest in making our supply chains more efficient by developing sustainable durable markets. To support these markets, we must also improve rural infrastructure, particularly roads, storage and electrification, ensuring farmers ability to reach a wider consumer base.
Infant Care. Children are raised by the extended family and community. It is the primary duty of the mother to care for the children as part of her domestic duties. If the mother is not available, the responsibility falls to the older female children as well as the grandmothers.
The Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRC) has issued a report on journalists, documenting the arrests and imprisonment of journalists from the independent press. Lately the pressure against journalists seems to have eased a little. There are now fewer arrests, even if journalists still are brought before the courts every now and then. The new tolerance is probably connected to the country's conflict with Eritrea, a conflict on which the government press and the independent press, in general, have had similar views. The question is, will this alliance remain when the conflict is over?
Education between the ages of 7 to 68 is free and compulsory. Jobs in Ethiopia's growing industrial sector require command of English in many cases, especially in the computer-related high-tech sector. Illiteracy rates are very high in farming communities where farming techniques have changed little over the centuries. Agriculture employs most Ethiopians, but industrial employment is increasing rapidly as emerging industries create new jobs.
Several other parties also add to the plurality of Ethiopian political life, including the Coalition of Alternative Forces for Peace and Democracy (CAFPD) the Ethiopian Democratic Union (EDU) The Ethiopian Movement for Democracy, Peace, and Unity (EMDPU) the Ethiopian National Democratic Party (ENDP) the Oromo Liberation Front and the All-Amhara People's Organization (AAPO), not to mention dozens of other smaller parties. While most parties are more or less prodemocracy and pro-free market, several Ethiopian parties, including the last 7 listed above, represent the specific interests of particular ethnic groups.